World Hypertension Day is observed annually to raise awareness about the symptoms of hypertension. The main aim of World Hypertension Day is to educate the public and increase awareness of hypertension, which is also commonly known as high blood pressure.
Hypertension or high blood pressure occurs when the blood pressure rises to an unhealthy level. The disease is very common and develops over a course of years. Narrow arteries cause more resistance and increase blood pressure. This force can cause damage to blood vessels; and lead to heart attack, brain stroke, kidney damage, or nerve damage.
World Hypertension Day 2021: Theme
The theme of WHD for 2021 is “Measure Your Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer”, focusing on combating low awareness rates worldwide, especially in low to middle-income areas, and accurate blood pressure measurement methods.
According to the World Hypertension League (WHL) organisation, there are two critical components to increase awareness of hypertension:
- The first is to “establish high-capacity community screening programs for recognition of high BP in those at risk”
- The second is to “promote the routine measurement of BP by a health-care professional at all clinical encounters.”
World Hypertension Day 2021: History
World Hypertension Day was first inaugurated in May 2005 ever since it has become an annual event.
The main purpose behind the celebration of the WHD is to promote public awareness of hypertension and to encourage citizens of all countries to prevent and control this silent killer, the modern epidemic.
What is hypertension?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high.
Blood pressure is written as two numbers. The first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second (diastolic) number represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats.
Types of hypertension:
According to Psychologist, there are two main types of Hypertension disease:
Risk factors for hypertension?
Modifiable risk factors include unhealthy diets (excessive salt consumption, a diet high in saturated fat and trans fats, low intake of fruits and vegetables), physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, and being overweight or obese.
Non-modifiable risk factors include a family history of hypertension, age over 65 years, and co-existing diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease.